Treatment of back and spine pain

Back pain often occurs after sudden movement or lifting weights. If your back hurts all the time, this is a symptom of an illness. The cause of back pain is diagnosed and treated by a neurologist. The malaise is successfully treated with conservative methods.

causes of back pain

What you need to know about back pain

Back pain is also called back pain. Periodically annoys every second person. Most often, the pain is located in the lumbar region. As a rule, it appears in the context of existing changes in the spine. Depending on the type of disease, the pain can be temporary or permanent. Persistent pain is a sign of serious illness and without timely treatment, can lead to spinal surgery.

When to go to the doctor

Do not delay the visit to a neurologist if you notice the following symptoms:

  • Acute back pain does not go away within 2-3 days.
  • Chronic pain lasts more than a week without improvement.
  • the pain appears suddenly, for no apparent reason.
  • pain regularly occurs after injury.
  • Back pain radiates to leg, knee, leg.

A visit to a doctor should be urgent, immediate, if the pain is accompanied by the following additional symptoms:

  • elevated temperature;
  • limited mobility of arms or legs;
  • numbness in the extremities;
  • severe changes in blood pressure.
  • Painkillers do not help relieve the pain.
  • loss of consciousness occurs.
  • there are problems with the functioning of internal organs.
  • there are signs of poisoning.
  • the bleeding started.

But even without these symptoms, you should not delay in contacting specialists - some back diseases are completely curable only in the initial stages. Your efficiency directly determines how good the treatment will be.

The risk factors are:

  • work related to a computer or driving a car, vigorous physical activity, stress.
  • intensive training in the gym without the supervision of a trainer.
  • working in a forced position while sitting or standing.
  • overweight.

Why does my back hurt?

The causes of back pain vary. They are caused by the following diseases:

  • osteochondrosis, spondylosis, spondyloarthritis.
  • scoliosis, kyphoscoliosis;
  • bulging or herniated disc.
  • radiculitis or back pain, inflammation of the sciatic nerve.
  • spinal stenosis;
  • spinal instability and fractures.
  • intercostal neuralgia;
  • overexertion, hypothermia or bruising of the back muscles.
  • damage to the ligaments of the spine.
  • myositis.

Pregnancy and back pain

Another common factor that affects the occurrence of back pain is pregnancy. As the belly grows and the lumbar curve increases, so does the load on the spine. The intervertebral discs begin to wear out quickly and sometimes the nerves are compressed. You can prevent back pain and the pathologies that cause it if you do not overwork during pregnancy. If necessary, you should wear a supportive brace and follow the advice of other doctors.

Even if there was no back pain during the pregnancy itself, but the spine was subjected to severe stress, injuries that lead to pain can occur during childbirth.

How to recognize a disease by the type of pain

Different diseases cause different types of back pain. It can be acute, chronic, painful, stabbing, with or without treatment (radiation).

Kind of pain What causes the disease?
Acute with treatment (irradiation) and without it. Osteochondrosis. The nagging back pain sometimes radiates down the leg and gets worse when you lift heavy objects, cough or sneeze. Back pain can last for several minutes, hours or days.
Intervertebral hernia. Pain occurs when lifting heavy objects, bending and turning to the side. Then there is pain and weakness in one of the legs. Back hurts when moving, coughing, sneezing.
Rhizitis. The pain is sharp or dull, it hurts. Usually unilateral, it radiates to the leg, buttock, thigh, lower leg. It intensifies with changes in body position and may be accompanied by numbness, tingling, burning, itching or pins-and-needles sensations.
Chronic and acute pain Muscle strain, myositis, working for long hours in an uncomfortable position, lifting weights, sudden movements, hypothermia.
Lumbago. It affects people engaged in heavy physical work. Severe back pain usually stops after a few days, although it can last two to three weeks.
Displacement of intervertebral discs. It is caused by osteochondrosis, heavy lifting and heavy physical work.
Chronic Spondylosis. The pain may be accompanied by numbness and weakness in the legs. Cervical spondylosis causes pain in the back of the head, in the shoulders and when turning the head.
Painful Inflammation of the muscles of the back and lumbar spine. The disease occurs after hypothermia or muscle strain. The pain is not intense and lasts a long time. The muscles in the affected area are tight and painful when tense.
Pain with treatment (irradiation) in the leg Inflammation of the sciatic nerve. Hernia of the lumbar spine. Back pain in lumbar and sacral region. The pain is felt in the buttocks, back of the thigh, lower leg or foot.

Diagnostic methods

Clinic specialists will accurately determine the cause of back pain using the following diagnostic methods:

  • MRI. Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Ultrasonography (ultrasound)
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Laboratory research

Methods for treating back pain

Doctors in the modern clinic use many non-surgical methods: from gentle massage techniques and osteopathy to lasers and physiotherapy. To ensure that the treatment is as effective as possible, we offer each patient a separate set of procedures that use drugs only to relieve pain at the beginning of the course.

  • Resonance wave UHF therapy
  • Rehabilitation on the Thera-Band exercise machine
  • Joint and spinal block
  • Pharmaceutical treatment
  • Shock wave therapy

Diagnostic methods

Specialists will accurately determine the cause of back pain using the following diagnostic methods:

First, a basic survey of the patient is conducted to determine what exactly preceded the onset of pain, what is the nature of the pain, etc. Next, a visual examination of the patient and physical palpation of the spine is performed. If the pain intensifies when you press on the spine, this makes it possible to eliminate diseases of the internal organs. If necessary, the patient can be referred to a cardiologist, gynaecologist, orthopedic or other specialist doctor.

Methods for treating back pain

Doctors in a modern clinic use many non-surgical methods: from gentle massage techniques and osteopathy to lasers and physiotherapy. To ensure that the treatment is as effective as possible, we offer each patient a separate set of procedures that use drugs only to relieve pain at the beginning of the course.

Clinics will help you get rid of pain in the back area, relieve swelling and inflammation in the affected area, normalize metabolic processes, strengthen the back muscles and restore the normal position of the spine. Freedom of movement will return to you, you will feel a surge of vigor.

As part of rehabilitation, for each patient, the specialist of the clinic draws up a personal plan of physical activity for independent exercise with the aim of consolidating the results of treatment and preventing diseases.

What to do about back pain

If you have severe back pain, our doctors recommend the following:

  • Lie down, choose a comfortable position in which you feel the least pain and the muscles stop straining. Spend at least 20 minutes in this position until the pain subsides.
  • Do not sit forward, carry heavy objects or do sports until the pain subsides.
  • Contact your doctor immediately.

Remember if you havespinal pain, treatmentit cannot be postponed. There is a risk of serious deterioration of the situation.

If the pain has become unbearable and you need to wait until a doctor or ambulance arrives, do the following:

  • Lie in bed and try to minimize movements and ensure maximum peace. Stillness is your best friend.
  • Place a soft pillow under your back to reduce pressure on your spine.
  • If you have suitable mild pain relievers, you can take a pill to reduce the pain, but it is better not to. See the next paragraph for why.
  • It is recommended not to take any food or drink other than pure water, because if emergency surgery is needed, this may interfere (many procedures can only be done on an empty stomach). It is also recommended not to administer drugs or heat the problem area, because this will distort the clinical picture and prevent you from correctly diagnosing the problem and, therefore, prescribing the correct treatment.
  • Applying cold to the sore spot is allowed, even if the cause of the pain is unknown, it will not aggravate any of the common pathologies.